Readers ask: What Kind Of Music Did Perotin Write?


What music did Perotin compose?

He is known to have composed two four-part works, “Viderunt” and “Sederunt”; another four-part composition, “Mors,” is believed to be his. He also enlarged upon the Magnus liber organi, a collection of organa by his predecessor, Léonin, and made innovations in the use of rhythm.

What did Perotin write?

Pérotin, he informs us, was the first to compose organa in three voice parts, some 30 of which are preserved. He also wrote two long four-part organa (ca. 1198-1200) whose fame spread throughout the Continent: Viderunt omnes for Christmas and Sederunt for the Mass of St. Stephen’s Day, the day after Christmas.

Who did Perotin influence in music?

The two masters most associated with this style and time period are Leonin and Perotin, both of whom contributed to the yearlong church songbook called the Magnus Liber Organi. Their ideas paved the way for expansion of melodic and rhythmic ideas, which were to come in the Renaissance Period.

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What did leonin compose?

Léonin (active ca. 1165-1185), or Leoninus, of the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, is the earliest known composer of polyphonic art music and the creator of controlled rhythm and meter, as well as of the earliest notation to convey rhythm.

What is Perotin famous for?

Pérotin ( fl. c. 1200) was a composer associated with the Notre Dame school of polyphony in Paris and the broader ars antiqua musical style of high medieval music. He is credited with developing the polyphonic practices of his predecessor, Léonin, with the introduction of three and four-part harmonies.

What was the most important form of early polyphonic music?

Of greater sophistication was the motet, which developed from the clausula genre of medieval plainchant and would become the most popular form of medieval polyphony. While early motets were liturgical or sacred, by the end of the thirteenth century the genre had expanded to include secular topics, such as courtly love.

How many voices do you hear in Viderunt Omnes?

“ Viderunt omnes ” is written in a style called “organum quadruplum.” We ‘ll get to the “organum” part later, but “quadruplum,” refers to the fact that the work has four voices, which is important because this is historians’ first documented example of a work in four voices.

What does polyphony mean in music?

Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”).

Is a motet sacred or secular?

Motet, (French mot: “word”), style of vocal composition that has undergone numerous transformations through many centuries. Typically, it is a Latin religious choral composition, yet it can be a secular composition or a work for soloist(s) and instrumental accompaniment, in any language, with or without a choir.

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Who continued to develop polyphonic music?

Instruction and information about polyphony is found in theoretical treatises from as early as the De harmonica institutione (Melodic Instruction), written by the monk Hucbald c. 900, and later expanded and developed in a number of treatises including Micrologus (Little Discussion), by Guido of Arezzo.

What time period was de Machaut’s a part of?

Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300–1377) is recognized by most scholars as the most important French poet and composer of the 14th century.

Who wrote Organum?

1170; “Great Book of Organum ”), probably by Léonin, or Leoninus, the first major composer known by name, who set chant melodies for the Graduals, Alleluias, and Responsories of the masses for all major feasts.

Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today?

Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today? (1) It is very difficult to sing, and those who know it are dying out. (2) the Second Vatican Council of 1962-65 decreed the us of the vernacular in church services. (3) It is too old-fashioned for modern services.

What era is leonin from?

Léonin, Latin Leoninus, (flourished 12th century ), leading liturgical composer of his generation, associated with the Notre Dame, or Parisian, school of composition.

Which composers are most associated with early polyphonic music called Organa?

Pérotin composed organa, the earliest type of polyphonic music; previous European music, such as Gregorian and other types of chant, had been monophonic. Prior to Perotin, organum generally consisted of two voices: organum duplum.

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