Quick Answer: How To Write Out Music Scales In A College Paper?


How do you write a scale in music?

Writing Scales in a Music Theory Exam

  1. Whatever the scale is, the first thing you need to do is put in your starting note (the tonic, or “keynote”).
  2. Next, using semibreves (whole notes), fill up the lines and spaces – one note per line/space, until you have eight notes.

How do you identify scales in music?

To recognize this particular scale, identify where the semitones you hear are located in the scale relative to the root (tonic) note. It is normally the semitone between the second and third notes of the scale (forming a minor third interval with the root note) which gives it away.

How do you notate scales?

The distance between two successive notes in a scale is called a scale step. The notes of a scale are numbered by their steps from the first degree of the scale. For example, in a C major scale the first note is C, the second D, the third E and so on.

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What is a formula for the major scale?

The formula for creating a major scale is “whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.” half: b to c – Note that you’re back where you started at c.

What are the 12 major scales in music?

12 Major Scales Study Guide

  • C major scale. The C major scale is the only major scale without black keys, so it’s easy to begin with.
  • G major scale. The G major scale has one black key, F#.
  • D major scale. The D major scale has two, F# and C#.
  • A major scale.
  • E major scale.
  • F major scale.
  • B major scale.
  • Bb major scale.

How do you know if a song is major or minor?

You can also look to the melody of a song and notice where it ends. Melodies typically resolve to the tonic note of the key. Again, if a song’s melody notes all fit within C major/A minor and the final melody note is C, it’s in C major. If it ends on A, it’s in A minor.

How do you know if a scale is major or minor?

There are two ways to tell whether a song is major or minor: by ear and by sight. When doing it by ear, listen to the major vs. minor qualities in the music. When reading the sheet music, the answer is in the key signature and in how notes and chords are used.

What is the fastest way to identify a scale?


  1. Identify which major scale the key represents (look for the last sharp, or last flat).
  2. Locate the relative minor scale (count down a minor 3rd).
  3. Look at the start and end chordsto determine whether the music is major or minor.
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What is the formula for a minor scale?

The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note.

What are the 7 scale degrees?

Scale degree names

Degree Name Note (in C major)
6 Submediant A
7 Subtonic (in the natural minor scale )
Leading tone (in the major scale ) B
1 Tonic (octave) C


What major scale is flat on B BB?

B-flat major is a major scale based on B ♭, with pitches B ♭, C, D, E♭, F, G, and A. Its key signature has two flats. Its relative minor is G minor and its parallel minor is B-flat minor.

What are the names of the scale degrees?

The Scale Degree Names Explained

  • 1st – The tonic.
  • 5th – The dominant.
  • 3rd – The mediant.
  • 4th – The subdominant.
  • 6th – The submediant.
  • 2nd – The supertonic.
  • 7th – The leading note.
  • What is the subtonic?

How do you write the D major scale?

The notes of the D major scale are D – E – F# – G – A – B – C# – D. The note, D repeats one octave higher. Its key signature has two sharps.

Can a scale have 8 notes?

But in theory, any combination of notes CAN be a scale. We all know that Major and minor scales have 7 notes, but there’s no reason why scales need only have 7 notes. Some scale have eight notes (diminished), some have six (wholetone), some have five (pentatonic).

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