FAQ: What Is It Called When A Church Hires A Musician To Write Music For Their Services/masses?


How was a musician employed in court?

The court musician was employed by a member of the nobility and, while employed at a high status position, these court musicians were regarded as servants. These musicians were composers, choir directors, teachers, and, often, guardians of children who stayed at the church as members of the choir.

Which of the following is a characteristic of an oratorio?

Oratorio, a large-scale musical composition on a sacred or semisacred subject, for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra. An oratorio’s text is usually based on scripture, and the narration necessary to move from scene to scene is supplied by recitatives sung by various voices to prepare the way for airs and choruses.

What is Bach known for?

Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building, Bach is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg Concertos, The Well-Tempered Clavier, the Mass in B Minor, and

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How were the songs of troubadours different from church music for the same time period?

The songs of troubadours used a greater variety of notes. How were the songs of troubadours different from church music from the same time period? A poet or musician who traveled around and entertained people with songs about chivalry and courtly love.

Were baroque musicians the first to be able to earn a living on their own without a patron such as the church or a court?

Baroque musicians served patrons, whether nobles, state or church. It was not until well into the eighteenth century that some musicians, like their twentieth century counterparts, began to work without patronage as independent professionals, earning a living from teaching, composing and performing.

Who was the greatest musician of the Baroque period?

Coming in at number one is Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750), one of the best-known of all composers in classical music. Bach was born into one of the great musical families of the day.

What is the difference between an oratorio and a cantata?

An oratorio is usually a sacred subject, with the story told by soloists and choruses. A cantata, on the other hand, is also a drama, but is more like a story set to music and sung. The oratorio and cantata of the eighteenth century were both linked, unlike opera, to religious themes.

Which work is an example of an oratorio?

Handel’s famed ‘Hallelujah Chorus’ is from a larger work called ‘Messiah’. With choirs, solo singers, and orchestra, you might have thought this was an opera, but its religious topic and simple staging are the hallmarks of an oratorio. An oratorio is a dramatic musical work based on a religious theme.

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What are the examples of oratorios?

21st century

  • Nathan Currier – Gaian Variations 2004.
  • Sally Lutyens – First Light: An Oratorio 2005.
  • Ilaiyaraaja – Thiruvasakam recorded 2005.
  • Paul McCartney – Ecce Cor Meum 2006.
  • Kaija Saariaho – La Passion de Simone 2006.
  • Eric Idle and John Du Prez – Not the Messiah (He’s a Very Naughty Boy) 2007.

What is an interesting fact about Bach?

Johann Sebastian Bach was born March 31, 1685 in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany. His father, Johann Ambrosius Bach was a 7th generation musician, and carried on the tradition by teaching him how to play the violin. Bach lost both his parents when he was 10 years old.

Why is Bach the best?

A major figure of the Baroque era, the German JS Bach (1685-1750) is one of the most sublime creative geniuses in any form of the arts, a composer whose music is revered equally for its technical mastery, brilliant complexity and sheer exquisite beauty.

What led to the birth of polyphonic music?

Polyphony rose out of melismatic organum, the earliest harmonization of the chant. Chanting in a religious context, led to the birth of polyphonic music.

What is the most common form of surviving medieval instrumental dances?

The most documented form of dance during the Middle Ages is the carol also called the “carole” or “carola” and known from the 12th and 13th centuries in Western Europe in rural and court settings.

What is the important contribution of medieval period in music?

Medieval music was both sacred and secular. During the earlier medieval period, the liturgical genre, predominantly Gregorian chant, was monophonic. Polyphonic genres began to develop during the high medieval era, becoming prevalent by the later thirteenth and early fourteenth century.

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